This summer a Russian TV crew flying over the Siberian tundra saw a huge pit 30 meters (100 feet) deep and 20 meters wide – hit by its size, symmetry, and the explosive force of nature that it was designed to create. Should have taken. Scientists do not know for certain that the huge hole, which is at least ninth in the area since 2013, formed. Initial theories arose when the first pit was discovered near an oil and gas field in the Yamal Peninsula of northwestern Siberia, including meteorite impacts, a UFO landing, and the collapse of a secret underground military storage facility.
Although scientists now believe that the giant hole is associated with an explosive buildup of methane gas – which may be an uncertain result of warming temperatures in the region – many researchers still do not know. An aerial view of the newest pit to appear this year. It is the largest that has come out so far.
Siberia – The Mystery Hole
In August 2020, the RAS Institute of Oil and Gas Problems, supported by local Yamal authorities, launched a major campaign for new matter. Skoltech researchers were part of the final stages of that campaign.
“At the moment, there is no accepted theory of these complex phenomena,” said Evgeni Chuvlin, a leading research scientist at the Center for Hydrocarbon Recovery at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.
“It’s possible that they’ve been building up over the years, but the numbers are hard to estimate. Since the craters usually appear uninhabited and largely in ancient regions of the Arctic, there is often no one to see and report them, ”Said Juvilin.
“Even now, craters are mostly found during regular, non-scientific helicopter flights or accidents by deer hunters and hunters.”
Permafrost, which occupies two-thirds of the Russian territory, is a vast natural reservoir of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, and recent hot summers, including in 2020, may have played a role in creating these regions.
According to Russian news agency Vesti Yamal, a 164-foot pit opened in a desolate area of the Siberian tundra. The publication’s journalists saw the pit during an assignment on the Yamal Peninsula in July and released its footage this week.
This is the 17th such feature, known as the Hydraulcolith, which scientists have found in the vibrating Siberian tundra, according to The Siberian Times. Researchers discovered the first one in 2014. They believe that the pocket of methane gases trapped beneath the Earth’s surface and eventually explodes as carbon-rich permafrost begins to melt in the area, releasing the trapped gases.
“Warming and melting of surface soils weaken the frozen cap, causing craters,” said Suu Natalie, Arctic Program Director at the Woodwell Climate Research Center.
It is a hot summer in Siberia. Russia’s small city, which is north of the Arctic Circle, had its highest temperature recorded at 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit on June 20, according to National Geographic.
Scientists suspect the permafrost caused the Siberian diesel storage tank to collapse and dump more than 20,000 tons of fuel into the local river. As the Permafrost melts, it can destabilize infrastructure – buildings, roads, and, critically, oil pipelines across the Arctic.
But residents living along the Arctic tundra are not the only ones who should be concerned. The release of methane into the atmosphere can have global effects.
Colorless, odorless, and highly flammable gases are one of the most powerful greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere. (Try to be 30 times stronger than carbon dioxide.) As more of the gas is released into the atmosphere, its effects can accelerate warming and even cause a dangerous feedback loop.
More work has to be done to understand exactly what is happening at the blast sites, as discovered in July by Westy Yamal journalists. A researcher at the Russian Oil and Gas Research Institute in Moscow, Vasily Bogayevlensky, told Vesti Yamal that his team plans to investigate the structure and present its findings in an academic journal.